初中英语备考指导:带双宾语动词的被动语态规律

2015-07-01 17:32:25 来源:北达教育 分享资源

  主动:He answered me the question. (正)

  被动:I was answered the question by him. (正)

  被动:The question was answered me by him. (误)

  以上句子涉及带双宾语动词的被动语态问题。这个问题可以从三个方面去概括:

  有些带双宾语的动词转换为被动语态时,可以有两种形式(即可用直接宾语或间接宾语作主语),这类动词主要的有:buy,give,lend,pay,show,teach,tell,offer,leave,award 等:

  他给了她一些钱。

  主动:He gave her some money. (正)

  被动:She was given some money by him. (正)

  被动:Some money was given (to) her by him. (正)

  有些带双宾语的动词转换为被动语态时,通常要用直接宾语作主语,这类动词主要的有:do,make,pass,sell,sing,write 等:

  他给她写了封信。

  主动:He wrote her a letter. (正)

  被动:A letter was written (to) her by him. (正)

  被动:She was written a letter by him. (少见)

  有些带双宾语的动词转换为被动语态时,通常要用间接宾语作主语,这类动词主要的有:answer,refuse,save,spare,deny,envy 等:

  他们不允许我入场。

  主动:They refused me admittance. (正)

  被动:I was refused admittance by them. (正)

  被动:Admittance was refused me by them. (少见)

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